Americans with Disabilities Act – Essential Functions

If you have called hotline with an ADA accommodation question, one of the things we discussed was likely the essential functions of the position in question. By way of refresher, an accommodation is not reasonable if it removes an essential function from a person’s job. But how do we determine what the essential functions are? One of the key documents is the job description, where the essential functions should be listed out as such. ERA has a handy checklist you can follow when determining what the essential functions are, and you can access it here. You will need your member credentials to log-in to the website.

As we are addressing situations where a worker expresses need for a remote work arrangement, one of the questions is whether physical presence at a particular location is an essential function. This has been added into the checklist.


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